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Author: Maryland Genealogy

Washington County Maryland Obituaries

The following are transcripts from obituaries that have been submitted to a variety of online genealogy websites. They range in dates and names, but all are specific to Washington County Maryland.

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Washington County Maryland Coroners Inquests 1853 – 1939

Recently scanned and made available as pdf images through the Guide to Government Records section of the Archives web site is Washington County Circuit Court (Coroners Inquests), 1853-1939, in series CE396. The coroners inquest records can provide a variety of historical information, including patterns of accidental deaths, types of and changes in economic activities and modes of transportation, social and political commentaries, and genealogical data. Documents usually found in an inquest file consist of a description of the incident to be investigated, findings about the cause of death, date of death, and names of the decedent, coroner, jurors, physician if present, and witnesses. Occasionally a transcript of the testimony was prepared. In Washington County the records before 1870 and after 1930 tend to be rather cryptic, and those in-between tend to contain more detail about the incidents and causes of death.

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Maryland Historical Magazine 1906 – 2010

The Maryland Historical Magazine has been continuously published by the Maryland Historical Society in Baltimore, MD on a quarterly basis since 1906. The magazine strives to bring together the “professional” and the “popular” to engage a broad audience while publishing serious research on Maryland and the region. The earlier editions tended to have a more genealogical basis to them than those of the past few years. This cooperative imaging project of the Maryland Historical Society and the Maryland State Archives is provided to the public free of charge.

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Washington County Maryland Guardianships 1778 – 1986

If property passes to a minor (a person under the age of 18) and there is no other provision under the Will protecting the property, the Orphans’ Court may appoint someone to serve as Guardian for the property of the minor. If the assets exceeded a certain dollar amount, annual reports were required to be filed with the Court and a bond was required. The Orphans’ Court, under certain circumstances, also appointed someone Guardian of the person of the minor. In these cases, the Guardian was responsible for caring for the minor and making decisions regarding health care and education. This collection contains digital images of the Washington County Maryland of the Orphans’ Court from its beginning in 1777 up to 1986.

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Washington County Maryland Certificates of Freedom 1827-1863

In 1805 the General Assembly passed a law to identify free African Americans and to control the availability of freedom papers. The law required African Americans who were born free to record proof of their freedom in the county court. The court would then issue them a certificate of freedom. If the black person had been manumitted, the court clerk or register of wills would look up the manumitting document before issuing a certificate of freedom. A typical certificate not only indicates how the individual became free, but also lists physical characteristics that could be used to establish identity. These include height, eye color, complexion, and hair color and texture.

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